Supreme Court puts aims of bankruptcy code to rest

By Shardul S Shroff and Misha, Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co

The Supreme Court of India on 25 January 2019 dismissed a challenge to the constitutional validity of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, and has observed that the economic experiment conducted by means of the enactment of the code is proving to be largely successful going by the large numbers of cases resolved by following the prescribed insolvency resolution process. Below are some key observations by the Supreme Court.

Shardul S Shroff
Executive chairman
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas

Objective of the code. The Supreme Court has put to rest the deliberation on the true objective of the code and has observed that its primary focus is the revival and continuation of operations of the corporate debtor, and not merely recovery for the creditors.

Differentiation between the financial and operational creditors. Under the code, financial creditors are mainly banks and financial institutions that disburse credit against the consideration for the time value of money. Operational debts, on the other hand, are debts in respect of the provision of goods and services to the corporate debtor. While financial creditors have a place on the committee of creditors (CoC) of a corporate debtor – which is in charge of taking significant decisions in relation to the conduct of the insolvency resolution process of the corporate debtor – operational creditors do not.

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Shardul S Shroff is executive chairman and head of insolvency and bankruptcy practice, and Misha is a partner in that practice at Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas


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